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I.5.2 Pompeii. Officina coriariorum of M. Vesonius Primus. Tannery.

Excavated 1874.

Part 5                                                                        Part 6

 

Part 7      Part 8      Part 9      Part 1      Part 2      Part 3      Part 4

 

I.5.2 Pompeii. September 2010. Looking east towards right-hand bay, one of six divided compartments.  Note the pipe work in wall.  Photo courtesy of Drew Baker. According to Pompeii, the history, life and art of the buried city, ed. Panetta, p.169, this tannery had a series of six compartments split up by dividers. In three of them, the central bay, a pipeline brought tannin directly to one of the three earthenware jars at the end.

I.5.2 Pompeii. September 2010.

Looking east towards right-hand bay, one of six divided compartments.

Note the pipe work in wall.  Photo courtesy of Drew Baker.

According to Pompeii, the history, life and art of the buried city, ed. Panetta, p.169, this tannery had a series of six compartments split up by dividers.

In three of them, the central bay, a pipeline brought tannin directly to one of the three earthenware jars at the end.

 

I.5.2 Pompeii. September 2010.  Looking east towards left-hand bay, one of six divided compartments.  Note the pipe work in wall.  Photo courtesy of Drew Baker.

I.5.2 Pompeii. September 2010.

Looking east towards left-hand bay, one of six divided compartments.

Note the pipe work in wall.  Photo courtesy of Drew Baker.

 

I.5.2 Pompeii. September 2005. Looking north along east side of peristyle.
According to Boyce, there was a ruined lararium in a room on the north-east side of the peristyle. It was a solid podium against the wall, with its three sides painted in imitation marble. There was a painted aedicula on the wall above it. See Boyce G. K., 1937. Corpus of the Lararia of Pompeii. Rome: MAAR 14. (p.25)

I.5.2 Pompeii. September 2005. Looking north along east side of peristyle from its southern end.

 

I.5.2  Officina coriariorum of M. Vesonius Primus.  September 2005.

I.5.2 Pompeii. September 2005. Looking north-east across peristyle.

 

I.5.2 Pompeii. September 2010. Third divided compartment, part of central bay, showing end of pipe work detail in east portico. Photo courtesy of Drew Baker.

I.5.2 Pompeii. September 2010.

Third divided compartment, part of central bay, showing end of pipe work detail in east portico.

Photo courtesy of Drew Baker.

 

I.5.2 Pompeii. September 2010. Looking east towards remains of southern wall between fourth and third divided compartments, in relation to pot. 
Photo courtesy of Drew Baker.

I.5.2 Pompeii. September 2010.

Looking east towards remains of southern wall between fourth and third divided compartments, in relation to pot.

Photo courtesy of Drew Baker.

 

I.5.2 Pompeii. September 2010. Looking north along the east wall of the fourth and third divided compartments, showing pipe work. The north wall is in the background. Remains of the south dividing wall are in the foreground.
Photo courtesy of Drew Baker.

I.5.2 Pompeii. September 2010.

Looking north along the east wall of the fourth and third divided compartments, showing pipe work.

The north wall is in the background. Remains of the south dividing wall are in the foreground.

Photo courtesy of Drew Baker.

 

I.5.2 Pompeii. September 2010. Looking north-east across the central bay on the east portico, towards fifth and fourth (nearest the camera) divided compartments. Photo courtesy of Drew Baker.

I.5.2 Pompeii. September 2010.

Looking north-east across the central bay on the east portico, towards fifth and fourth (nearest the camera) divided compartments.

Photo courtesy of Drew Baker.

 

I.5.2 Pompeii. September 2005. Looking across east portico towards fifth and fourth divided compartments, in the centre bay.

I.5.2 Pompeii. September 2005.

Looking across east portico towards fifth and fourth divided compartments, in the central bay.

 

I.5.2 Pompeii. May 1886. Site of fifth and fourth divided compartments.
Photograph courtesy of the Society of Antiquaries, Fox Collection.

Warscher quoted Mau (BdI, 1875, p.18/19/20) as saying –I.5.2: “Spettano senza dubbio all'esercizio della conceria gli apparecchi esistenti lungo il muro orientale del peristilio e rappresentati nel nostro disegno, sebbene il loro uso preciso non si possa definire.  I pilastri orientali del peristilio distano m. 5,53 dal muro corrispondente, da cui partono ad angolo retto 5 muri traversi di diversa lunghezza (m. 2,42; 1,03; 2,12; 2,05; 2,11, cominciando da N), formando così 6 compartimenti aperti sul peristilio e larghi m. 3,46; 2,50; 2,18; 2,38; 2,36; 2,30.  Nel primo, contando da N, di questi compartimenti, il cui suolo è più elevato, si ha una vasca murata di poca profondità, il cui fondo è elevato sopra il suolo di m.0, 40 a 0,60, abbassandosi fortemente verso l’angolo SE.  Da questa vasca, la cui posizione e forma alquanto singolare meglio si conosceranno dal disegno, il fluido poteva scolare per tre fori, dei quali due danno in un bacino murato frapposto fra la vasca ed il muro traverso, il terzo in un canale, che passando per tutta la lunghezza del muro traverso sbocca in un gran vaso d’argilla (diametro massimo 1, 08) posto all’estremità di esso.  Dall’altra parte del muro traverso commincia una doccia, la quale passando per il 2, 3 e 4 muro traverso, nell’altezza di c. m. 0,65 sopra il suolo che con essa s’abbassa verso S, larga nel principio 0,25, ma presto ristringendosi a 0,17, è più ancora, scorre lungo il muro di fondo dei quattro compartimenti seguenti.  Non mi sono potuto convincere che tale doccia mediante un foro otturato adesso abbia communicato originariamente colla vasca suddetta, come credette l’egregio autore della Descrizione inserita nel Giorn. d. Sc.  Da essa si dirama un canale che nel terzo muro traverso conduce in un vaso simile a quel primo (diametro massimo 1,03) e posto all’estremità del muro.  All’estremità finalmente del quarto compartimento la doccia, volgendosi ad angolo retto, viene continuata da un canale, che passando per la lunghezza del quinto muro traverso dà anche’esso in un vaso dello stesso genere (diam. mass. 0, 83).  All’estremità del secondo muro traverso sta una base, o tavola che sia, quadrata di materiale, grossa 0,60 + 0,63, alta 0,66.  Dallaparte meridionale di essa fino al terzo muro traverso si stende una pietra calcarea, largha 0,59, cioè 2 piedi romani, alta come la tavola murata.  Il sesto compartimento è vuoto”.
See Warscher T., 1936. Codex Topographicus Pompeianus: Regio I.1, I.5. (no.26), Rome: DAIR, whose copyright it remains.

(translation: I.5.2 “The existing appliances along the eastern wall of the peristyle no doubt apply to the occupation of the tannery, although their precise use is not defined.
In the first of these compartments, counting from the N whose ground was more raised, was a walled basin of little depth, whose base was lifted above the ground by 0.40 to 0.60 m, falling heavily to the SE corner.  From this tank, whose position and somewhat singular form will be better known by the design, the fluid could drain through three holes, two of which went into a walled basin set between the tub and the transverse wall, the third in a channel, which passed along the entire length of the transverse wall and flowed in a large clay pot (diameter maximum 1,08) at the end of it.  On the other side of the wall a conduit began, which passed through the 2, 3 and 4 transverse wall in a height of c. m. 0,65 above the ground that lowered towards S, wider in the first 0, 25, but soon narrowing to 0.17, and then flowing along the base wall of the four following compartments.  I could not be convinced that by the same conduit a blocked up hole had communicated originally with the above-mentioned basin, as believed by the eminent author of Descrizione inserted in Giorn. d. Sc.  From this, a channel branched off that in the third transverse wall led into a similar vessel to the first one (maximum diameter I, 03) and placed a

I.5.2 Pompeii. May 1886. Site of fifth and fourth divided compartments.

Photograph courtesy of the Society of Antiquaries, Fox Collection.

 

Warscher quoted Mau (BdI, 1875, p.18/19/20) as saying –

I.5.2: “Spettano senza dubbio all'esercizio della conceria gli apparecchi esistenti lungo il muro orientale del peristilio e rappresentati nel nostro disegno, sebbene il loro uso preciso non si possa definire.  I pilastri orientali del peristilio distano m. 5,53 dal muro corrispondente, da cui partono ad angolo retto 5 muri traversi di diversa lunghezza (m. 2,42; 1,03; 2,12; 2,05; 2,11, cominciando da N), formando così 6 compartimenti aperti sul peristilio e larghi m. 3,46; 2,50; 2,18; 2,38; 2,36; 2,30.  Nel primo, contando da N, di questi compartimenti, il cui suolo è più elevato, si ha una vasca murata di poca profondità, il cui fondo è elevato sopra il suolo di m.0, 40 a 0,60, abbassandosi fortemente verso l’angolo SE.  Da questa vasca, la cui posizione e forma alquanto singolare meglio si conosceranno dal disegno, il fluido poteva scolare per tre fori, dei quali due danno in un bacino murato frapposto fra la vasca ed il muro traverso, il terzo in un canale, che passando per tutta la lunghezza del muro traverso sbocca in un gran vaso d’argilla (diametro massimo 1, 08) posto all’estremità di esso.  Dall’altra parte del muro traverso commincia una doccia, la quale passando per il 2, 3 e 4 muro traverso, nell’altezza di c. m. 0,65 sopra il suolo che con essa s’abbassa verso S, larga nel principio 0,25, ma presto ristringendosi a 0,17, è più ancora, scorre lungo il muro di fondo dei quattro compartimenti seguenti.  Non mi sono potuto convincere che tale doccia mediante un foro otturato adesso abbia communicato originariamente colla vasca suddetta, come credette l’egregio autore della Descrizione inserita nel Giorn. d. Sc.  Da essa si dirama un canale che nel terzo muro traverso conduce in un vaso simile a quel primo (diametro massimo 1,03) e posto all’estremità del muro.  All’estremità finalmente del quarto compartimento la doccia, volgendosi ad angolo retto, viene continuata da un canale, che passando per la lunghezza del quinto muro traverso dà anche’esso in un vaso dello stesso genere (diam. mass. 0, 83).  All’estremità del secondo muro traverso sta una base, o tavola che sia, quadrata di materiale, grossa 0,60 + 0,63, alta 0,66.  Dallaparte meridionale di essa fino al terzo muro traverso si stende una pietra calcarea, largha 0,59, cioè 2 piedi romani, alta come la tavola murata.  Il sesto compartimento è vuoto”.

See Warscher T., 1936. Codex Topographicus Pompeianus: Regio I.1, I.5. (no.26), Rome: DAIR, whose copyright it remains.

 

(translation: I.5.2 “The existing appliances along the eastern wall of the peristyle no doubt apply to the occupation of the tannery, although their precise use is not defined.

In the first of these compartments, counting from the N whose ground was more raised, was a walled basin of little depth, whose base was lifted above the ground by 0.40 to 0.60 m, falling heavily to the SE corner. 

From this tank, whose position and somewhat singular form will be better known by the design, the fluid could drain through three holes, two of which went into a walled basin set between the tub and the transverse wall, the third in a channel, which passed along the entire length of the transverse wall and flowed in a large clay pot (diameter maximum 1,08) at the end of it.

On the other side of the wall a conduit began, which passed through the 2, 3 and 4 transverse wall in a height of c. m. 0,65 above the ground that lowered towards S, wider in the first 0, 25, but soon narrowing to 0.17, and then flowing along the base wall of the four following compartments.  I could not be convinced that by the same conduit a blocked up hole had communicated originally with the above-mentioned basin, as believed by the eminent author of Descrizione inserted in Giorn. d. Sc. 

From this, a channel branched off that in the third transverse wall led into a similar vessel to the first one (maximum diameter I, 03) and placed at the end of the wall.

At the extreme end of the fourth compartment, the conduit, turning at a right-angles continued as a channel that passed along the length of the fifth transverse wall, into another vessel of the same type (maximum diameter 0, 83).

At the extremity of the second transverse wall was a square base, or table that was 0, 63  x 0,60 x 0,66 high.

From the southern side of it until the third transverse wall, was a block of limestone, width 0,59, that was 2 Roman feet, high as the brick table.

The sixth compartment was empty.")

 

I.5.2 Pompeii. September 2010. Looking east across fourth divided compartment. Photo courtesy of Drew Baker.

I.5.2 Pompeii. September 2010. Looking east across fourth divided compartment.

Photo courtesy of Drew Baker.

 

10502-warscher-codex-113-2-640.jpg
I.5.2 Pompeii. 1936, taken by Tatiana Warscher. Warscher described this picture as the table for the friction of the leather. One could see that it was made of travertine, and leaning on a capital that had been adapted for that use. See Warscher T., 1936. Codex Topographicus Pompeianus: Regio I.1, I.5. Rome: DAIR, whose copyright it remains.

I.5.2 Pompeii. 1936, taken by Tatiana Warscher.

Warscher described this picture as the table for the friction of the leather.

One could see that it was made of travertine, and leaning on a capital that had been adapted for that use.

See Warscher T., 1936. Codex Topographicus Pompeianus: Regio I.1, I.5. (no.26b), Rome: DAIR, whose copyright it remains.

 

10502-warscher-codex-113-1-640.jpg
I.5.2 Pompeii. 1936, taken by Tatiana Warscher. Travertine table leaning on a capital.
See Warscher T., 1936. Codex Topographicus Pompeianus: Regio I.1, I.5. Rome: DAIR, whose copyright it remains.

I.5.2 Pompeii. 1936, taken by Tatiana Warscher.

Travertine table leaning on a capital.

See Warscher T., 1936. Codex Topographicus Pompeianus: Regio I.1, I.5. (no. 26a), Rome: DAIR, whose copyright it remains.

 

I.5.2 Pompeii. September 2010. Looking east towards the sixth (left) and fifth (right) divided compartments, in the east portico. Photo courtesy of Drew Baker.

I.5.2 Pompeii. September 2010.

Looking east towards the sixth (left) and fifth (right) divided compartments, in the east portico.

Photo courtesy of Drew Baker.

 

I.5.2 Pompeii. September 2010. North-east corner of fifth divided compartment, showing pipe work on east wall coming in left of image turning left through wall (north) to pot on left. Photo courtesy of Drew Baker.

I.5.2 Pompeii. September 2010.

North-east corner of fifth divided compartment, showing pipe work on east wall coming in left of image turning left through wall (north) to pot on left.

Photo courtesy of Drew Baker.

 

I.5.2 Pompeii. September 2010. View along the rear east wall, central bay, looking south towards wall showing pipe work. Photo courtesy of Drew Baker.

I.5.2 Pompeii. September 2010.

View along the rear east wall, central bay, looking south towards wall showing pipe work.

Photo courtesy of Drew Baker.

 

I.5.2 Pompeii. September 2010. Front on view of the dividing bay wall showing discharge pipe into pot. Photo courtesy of Drew Baker.

I.5.2 Pompeii. September 2010.

Front on view of the dividing bay wall showing discharge pipe into pot.

Photo courtesy of Drew Baker.

 

Part 6

 

Part 7      Part 8      Part 9      Part 1      Part 2      Part 3      Part 4