PompeiiinPictures

II.6 Pompeii. Anfiteatro or Amphitheatre.

First excavations 1748, then abandoned.

Completely excavated between 1813 and 1816.

 

Part:       1        2        3         4        5        6        7_

 

II.6 Pompeii. June 2012. Looking towards north end of arena of Amphitheatre. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.
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II.6 Pompeii. June 2012. Looking towards north end of arena of amphitheatre.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

II.6 Pompeii. October 2001. Looking towards the north end of the amphitheatre.
Photo courtesy of Peter Woods.

II.6 Pompeii. October 2001. Looking towards the north end of the amphitheatre.

Photo courtesy of Peter Woods.

 

II.6 Pompeii. 1961.  Preparations for a medieval mystery play to be performed here.
 Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
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II.6 Pompeii. 1961. Preparations for a medieval mystery play to be performed here at the north end.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

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II.6 Pompeii. 1961.South end of ampitheatre, man in white with banner leading the parade for the performance of the mystery play. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
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II.6 Pompeii. 1961. South end of amphitheatre, man in white with banner leading the parade for the performance of the mystery play.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J61f0275

 

II.6 Pompeii. 1961. South end of ampitheatre, three lancers marching three abreast in the parade for the performance of the mystery play. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.
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II.6 Pompeii. 1961. South end of amphitheatre, three lancers marching three abreast in the parade for the performance of the mystery play.

Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J61f0277

 

II.6 Pompeii. May 2010. North end of arena of Amphitheatre. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

II.6 Pompeii. May 2010. North end of arena of amphitheatre. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

II.6 Pompeii. May 2004. North end of arena of Amphitheatre.

II.6 Pompeii. May 2004. North end of arena of amphitheatre. 

 

II.6 Pompeii. 1944. Arena and seating of Amphitheatre, north-east corner. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

II.6 Pompeii. 1944. Arena and seating of amphitheatre, north-east corner.

Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

II.6 Pompeii. 4th October 1937. Seating in ampitheatre. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

II.6 Pompeii. 4th October 1937. Seating in amphitheatre. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

II.6 Pompeii. 26th October 1936. Italian soldiers sitting as a group in the amphitheatre.
Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

II.6 Pompeii. 26th October 1936. Italian soldiers sitting as a group in the amphitheatre.

Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

II.6 Pompeii. June 2012. Looking north-east across arena of Amphitheatre. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

II.6 Pompeii. June 2012. Looking north-east across arena of amphitheatre.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

II.6 Pompeii. October 2001. Looking towards the north-east side of the amphitheatre.
Photo courtesy of Peter Woods.

II.6 Pompeii. October 2001. Looking towards the north-east side of the amphitheatre.

Photo courtesy of Peter Woods.

 

II.6 Pompeii. 1817 copy by Gell of painting on the low walls of the amphitheatre, now lost.
See Gell, W, and Gandy J. P., 1819.  Pompeiana. London: Rodwell and Martin, pl. LXX.  
According to Overbeck, this scene, which obviously shows the beginning of the contest, shows the armament of the gladiators. 
In the middle is the referee with long staff showing the circle of struggle.
To his right is a gladiator standing half-armed, behind whom are two comrades who hold his sword and helmet.
To the referee’s left is a semi-armed man who blows the battle horn. 
Crouching comrades behind him also hold helmet and shield ready for him. 
At either end in the background wait the winged victories.
The man who blows the battle horn (tuba) is a semi-armed gladiator and not a Tubicen (trumpeter) who would have been unarmed.
See Overbeck J., 1884. Pompeji in seinen Gebäuden, Alterthümen und Kunstwerken. Leipzig: Engelmann, p. 183, fig. 107. 

Three similar bronze trumpets were excavated in V.2.c in January 1884 and are now in Naples Archaeological Museum.

II.6 Pompeii. 1817 copy by Gell of painting on the low walls of the amphitheatre, now lost.

See Gell, W, and Gandy J. P., 1819.  Pompeiana. London: Rodwell and Martin, pl. LXX. 

According to Overbeck, this scene, which obviously shows the beginning of the contest, shows the armament of the gladiators.

In the middle is the referee with long staff showing the circle of struggle.
To his right is a gladiator standing half-armed, behind whom are two comrades who hold his sword and helmet.

To the referee’s left is a semi-armed man who blows the battle horn.

Crouching comrades behind him also hold helmet and shield ready for him.

At either end in the background wait the winged victories.

The man who blows the battle horn (tuba) is a semi-armed gladiator and not a Tubicen (trumpeter) who would have been unarmed.

See Overbeck J., 1884. Pompeji in seinen Gebäuden, Alterthümen und Kunstwerken. Leipzig: Engelmann, p. 183, fig. 107.

 

Three similar bronze trumpets were excavated in V.2.c in January 1884 and are now in Naples Archaeological Museum.

 

II.6 Pompeii. May 2012. North-east rim of inner wall of the arena of the Amphitheatre where inscriptions are carved.  
Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.
According to Cooley, in a series of inscriptions [CIL X, 853, 854, 855, 856, 857a, 857d] on the capping of the wall dividing the arena from the spectators’ seating appear the names of benefactors, who paid for the construction of the stone seating during the Augustan period. 
This replaced the earliest seating, which was probably wooden.
Each inscription relates to a particular section, or wedge, of seating (cuneus). 
See Cooley, A. and M.G.L., 2004. Pompeii: A Sourcebook. London: Routledge, p. 46.

II.6 Pompeii. May 2012. North-east rim of inner wall of the arena of the amphitheatre where inscriptions are carved. 

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

According to Cooley, in a series of inscriptions [CIL X, 853, 854, 855, 856, 857a, 857d] on the capping of the wall dividing the arena from the spectators’ seating appear the names of benefactors, who paid for the construction of the stone seating during the Augustan period.

This replaced the earliest seating, which was probably wooden.

Each inscription relates to a particular section, or wedge, of seating (cuneus).

See Cooley, A. and M.G.L., 2004. Pompeii: A Sourcebook. London: Routledge, p. 46.

 

II.6 Pompeii. 1815 copy by Morelli of one of the paintings from the parapet wall, now lost.
A bear and a bull tied together are in the centre panel, with herms either side, one with a shield leaning against it.
On the parapet is part of CIL X, 857d.
According to the Epigraphik-Datenbank Clauss/Slaby (See www.manfredclauss.de) this read

M(arcus) Cantrius M(arci) f(ilius) Marcellus IIvir pro lud(is) lum(inibus) cuneos III f(aciendum) c(uravit) ex d(ecreto) d(ecurionum)      [CIL X, 857d].

II.6 Pompeii. 1815 copy by Morelli of one of the paintings from the parapet wall, now lost.

A bear and a bull tied together are in the centre panel, with herms either side, one with a shield leaning against it.

On the parapet is part of CIL X, 857d.

According to the Epigraphik-Datenbank Clauss/Slaby (See www.manfredclauss.de) this read

 

M(arcus) Cantrius M(arci) f(ilius) Marcellus IIvir pro lud(is) lum(inibus) cuneos III f(aciendum) c(uravit) ex d(ecreto) d(ecurionum)      [CIL X, 857d].

 

II.6 Pompeii. December 2006. Seating of Amphitheatre, looking north-east. 
Inscribed on the capping stone of the rim of the arena wall is 
MAG. PAG. AVG. F. S. PRO. LVD. EX. D. D.

According to Epigraphik-Datenbank Clauss/Slaby (See www.manfredclauss.de) this expands to
Mag(istri) pag(i) Aug(usti) f(elicia) s(uburbani) pro lud(is) ex d(ecreto) d(ecurionum)       [CIL X, 853]

According to Cooley, this translates as
The presidents of the Fortunate Augustan Suburban Country District (built this) instead of games, by decree of the town councillors.
See Cooley, A. and M.G.L., 2004. Pompeii: A Sourcebook. London: Routledge, p. 46, D1.

II.6 Pompeii. December 2006. Seating of amphitheatre, looking north-east.

Inscribed on the capping stone of the rim of the arena wall is

MAG. PAG. AVG. F. S. PRO. LVD. EX. D. D.

According to Epigraphik-Datenbank Clauss/Slaby (See www.manfredclauss.de) this expands to

Mag(istri) pag(i) Aug(usti) f(elicia) s(uburbani) pro lud(is) ex d(ecreto) d(ecurionum)       [CIL X, 853]

 

According to Cooley, this translates as

The presidents of the Fortunate Augustan Suburban Country District (built this) instead of games, by decree of the town councillors.

See Cooley, A. and M.G.L., 2004. Pompeii: A Sourcebook. London: Routledge, p. 46, D1.

 

II.6 Pompeii. December 2006. Arena and seating of Amphitheatre, north-east corner. 
Incised in the capping stone on the rim of the arena wall is an inscription.
T. ATVLLIVS C. F. CELER IIV PRO. LVD. LV. CVN. F. C. EX. D. D.

According to Epigraphik-Datenbank Clauss/Slaby (See www.manfredclauss.de) this expands to

T(itus) Atullius C(ai) f(ilius) Celer IIv(ir) pro lud(is) lu(minibus) cun(eum) f(aciendum) c(uravit) ex d(ecreto) d(ecurionum)      [CIL X 854]

According to Cooley, this translates to 
Titus Atullius Celer, son of Gaius, duumvir, instead of games and lights, saw to the construction of a seating sector, by decree of the town councillors.
See Cooley, A. and M.G.L., 2004. Pompeii: A Sourcebook. London: Routledge, D2, p. 47.

II.6 Pompeii. December 2006. Arena and seating of amphitheatre, north-east corner.

Incised in the capping stone on the rim of the arena wall is an inscription.

T. ATVLLIVS C. F. CELER IIV PRO. LVD. LV. CVN. F. C. EX. D. D.

 

According to Epigraphik-Datenbank Clauss/Slaby (See www.manfredclauss.de) this expands to


T(itus) Atullius C(ai) f(ilius) Celer IIv(ir) pro lud(is) lu(minibus) cun(eum) f(aciendum) c(uravit) ex d(ecreto) d(ecurionum)      [CIL X 854]

 

According to Cooley, this translates to

Titus Atullius Celer, son of Gaius, duumvir, instead of games and lights, saw to the construction of a seating sector, by decree of the town councillors.

See Cooley, A. and M.G.L., 2004. Pompeii: A Sourcebook. London: Routledge, D2, p. 47.

 

II.6 Pompeii. May 2016. Inscription carved on rim of inner wall of the arena of the Amphitheatre.
Part inscription T. ATVLLIVS C. F.  Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.
According to CIL X this is the start of the inscription
T. ATVLLIVS C. F. CELER II V. PRO LVD LV CVN F. C. EX. D. D.   [CIL X 854]

II.6 Pompeii. May 2016. Inscription carved on rim of inner wall of the arena of the amphitheatre.

Part inscription T. ATVLLIVS C. F.  Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

According to CIL X this is the start of the inscription

T. ATVLLIVS C. F. CELER II V. PRO LVD LV CVN F. C. EX. D. D.   [CIL X 854]

 

II.6 Pompeii. May 2016. Inscription carved on rim of inner wall of the arena of the Amphitheatre.
Inscription CELER, part of CIL X 854. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

II.6 Pompeii. May 2016. Inscription carved on rim of inner wall of the arena of the amphitheatre.

Inscription CELER, part of CIL X 854. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

II.6 Pompeii. May 2016. Inscription carved on rim of inner wall of the arena of the Amphitheatre.
Inscription PRO, part of CIL X 854. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

II.6 Pompeii. May 2016. Inscription carved on rim of inner wall of the arena of the amphitheatre.

Inscription PRO, part of CIL X 854. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

II.6 Pompeii. May 2016. Inscription carved on rim of inner wall of the arena of the Amphitheatre.
Inscription LVD LV CVN, part of CIL X 854. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

II.6 Pompeii. May 2016. Inscription carved on rim of inner wall of the arena of the amphitheatre.

Inscription LVD LV CVN, part of CIL X 854. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

II.6 Pompeii. May 2016. Inscription carved on rim of inner wall of the arena of the Amphitheatre.
Inscription F. C. EX. D. D., part of CIL X 854. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

II.6 Pompeii. May 2016. Inscription carved on rim of inner wall of the arena of the amphitheatre.

Inscription F. C. EX. D. D., part of CIL X 854. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

II.6 Pompeii. 1815 copy by Morelli of one of the paintings from the parapet wall, now lost.
In the centre is the winged Victory and on the parapet is part of CIL X, 854.
According to the Epigraphik-Datenbank Clauss/Slaby (See www.manfredclauss.de) the full inscription read

T(itus) Atullius C(ai) f(ilius) Celer IIv(ir) pro lud(is) lu(minibus) cun(eum) f(aciendum) c(uravit) ex d(ecreto) d(ecurionum)      [CIL X 854]

II.6 Pompeii. 1815 copy by Morelli of one of the paintings from the parapet wall, now lost.

In the centre is the winged Victory and on the parapet is part of CIL X, 854.

According to the Epigraphik-Datenbank Clauss/Slaby (See www.manfredclauss.de) the full inscription read

 

T(itus) Atullius C(ai) f(ilius) Celer IIv(ir) pro lud(is) lu(minibus) cun(eum) f(aciendum) c(uravit) ex d(ecreto) d(ecurionum)      [CIL X 854]

 

II.6 Pompeii. May 2012. Part of an inscription carved into rim of inner wall of the arena of the Amphitheatre. 
The full inscription read L. SAGINIVS IIVIR I. D. PR. LV. LV. EX. D. D. CVN.
Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.
According to Epigraphik-Datenbank Clauss/Slaby (See www.manfredclauss.de) this expands to

L(ucius) Saginius IIvir i(ure) d(icundo) pr(o) lu(dis) lu(minibus) ex d(ecreto) d(ecurionum) cun(eum)      [CIL X 855]

According to Cooley, this translates as 

Lucius Saginius, duumvir with judicial power, instead of games and lights, by decree of the town councillors (built this) seating sector.

The phrase ‘instead of games’ implies that the ‘benefactors’ concerned were actually thus fulfilling their legal obligation to spend a certain amount of money in their year of office either on games
or on a monument. The references to lights allude to performances held at night under artificial illumination.
See Cooley, A. and M.G.L., 2004. Pompeii: A Sourcebook. London: Routledge, p. 46-7, D3.

II.6 Pompeii. May 2012. Part of an inscription carved into rim of inner wall of the arena of the amphitheatre.

The full inscription read L. SAGINIVS IIVIR I. D. PR. LV. LV. EX. D. D. CVN.

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

According to Epigraphik-Datenbank Clauss/Slaby (See www.manfredclauss.de) this expands to

 

L(ucius) Saginius IIvir i(ure) d(icundo) pr(o) lu(dis) lu(minibus) ex d(ecreto) d(ecurionum) cun(eum)      [CIL X 855]

 

According to Cooley, this translates as

 

Lucius Saginius, duumvir with judicial power, instead of games and lights, by decree of the town councillors (built this) seating sector.

 

The phrase ‘instead of games’ implies that the ‘benefactors’ concerned were actually thus fulfilling their legal obligation to spend a certain amount of money in their year of office either on games

or on a monument. The references to lights allude to performances held at night under artificial illumination.

See Cooley, A. and M.G.L., 2004. Pompeii: A Sourcebook. London: Routledge, p. 46-7, D3.

 

II.6 Pompeii. May 2016. Inscription carved on rim of inner wall of the arena of the Amphitheatre.
Inscription L. SAGINIVS, part of CIL X 855.  Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

II.6 Pompeii. May 2016. Inscription carved on rim of inner wall of the arena of the amphitheatre.

Inscription L. SAGINIVS, part of CIL X 855.  Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

II.6 Pompeii. May 2016. Inscription carved on rim of inner wall of the arena of the Amphitheatre.
Inscription II VIR I D, part of CIL X 855. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

II.6 Pompeii. May 2016. Inscription carved on rim of inner wall of the arena of the amphitheatre.

Inscription II VIR I D, part of CIL X 855. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

II.6 Pompeii. May 2016. Inscription carved on rim of inner wall of the arena of the Amphitheatre.
Inscription D PR LV, part of CIL X 855. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

II.6 Pompeii. May 2016. Inscription carved on rim of inner wall of the arena of the amphitheatre.

Inscription D PR LV, part of CIL X 855. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

II.6 Pompeii. May 2016. Inscription carved on rim of inner wall of the arena of the Amphitheatre.
Inscription LV LV EX D, part of CIL X 855. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

II.6 Pompeii. May 2016. Inscription carved on rim of inner wall of the arena of the amphitheatre.

Inscription LV LV EX D, part of CIL X 855. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

II.6 Pompeii. May 2016. Inscription carved on rim of inner wall of the arena of the Amphitheatre.
Inscription D CVN, part of CIL X 855. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

II.6 Pompeii. May 2016. Inscription carved on rim of inner wall of the arena of the amphitheatre.

Inscription D CVN, part of CIL X 855. Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee.

 

II.6 Pompeii. May 2012. Inscription CVN (cuneus) carved into rim of inner wall of the arena of the Amphitheatre.  
Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee 
According to Cooley, this relates to a particular section, or wedge, of seating (cuneus). 
See Cooley, A. and M.G.L., 2004. Pompeii: A Sourcebook. London: Routledge, p. 46.

II.6 Pompeii. May 2012. Inscription CVN (cuneus) carved into rim of inner wall of the arena of the amphitheatre. 

Photo courtesy of Buzz Ferebee

According to Cooley, this relates to a particular section, or wedge, of seating (cuneus).

See Cooley, A. and M.G.L., 2004. Pompeii: A Sourcebook. London: Routledge, p. 46.

 

II.6 Pompeii. 1815 copy by Morelli of one of the paintings from the parapet wall, now lost.
In the centre are a lion and a horse and either side is a herm with a shield leaning against it.
On the parapet is the inscription CIL X, 855.
According to the Epigraphik-Datenbank Clauss/Slaby (See www.manfredclauss.de) the inscription read

L(ucius) Saginius IIvir i(ure) d(icundo) pr(o) lu(dis) lu(minibus) ex d(ecreto) d(ecurionum) cun(eum)      [CIL X 855]

II.6 Pompeii. 1815 copy by Morelli of one of the paintings from the parapet wall, now lost.

In the centre are a lion and a horse and either side is a herm with a shield leaning against it.

On the parapet is the inscription CIL X, 855.

According to the Epigraphik-Datenbank Clauss/Slaby (See www.manfredclauss.de) the inscription read

 

L(ucius) Saginius IIvir i(ure) d(icundo) pr(o) lu(dis) lu(minibus) ex d(ecreto) d(ecurionum) cun(eum)      [CIL X 855]

 

II.6 Pompeii. 1815 copy by Morelli of one of the paintings from the parapet wall, now lost.
In the centre panel is a hunt scene with a panther and a boar.
At the sides are herms with shields leaning against them.

II.6 Pompeii. 1815 copy by Morelli of one of the paintings from the parapet wall, now lost.

In the centre panel is a hunt scene with a panther and a boar.

At the sides are herms with shields leaning against them.

 

II.6 Pompeii. 1815 copy by Morelli of one of the paintings from the parapet wall, now lost.
In the centre panels are two gladiators (two retiarius).
At the sides are herms with shields leaning against them.

II.6 Pompeii. 1815 copy by Morelli of one of the paintings from the parapet wall, now lost.

In the centre panels are two gladiators (two retiarius).

At the sides are herms with shields leaning against them.

 

II.6 Pompeii. December 2006. Seating of Amphitheatre, detail on north-east side.

II.6 Pompeii. December 2006. Seating of amphitheatre, detail on north-east side.

 

II.6 Pompeii. December 2006. Arena and seating of Amphitheatre, looking north-east.

II.6 Pompeii. December 2006. Arena and seating of amphitheatre, looking north-east.

 

II.6 Pompeii. June 2012. Looking towards east side of Amphitheatre. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

II.6 Pompeii. June 2012. Looking towards east side of amphitheatre. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

II.6 Pompeii. December 2006. Looking south along east side of amphitheatre.

II.6 Pompeii. December 2006. Looking south along east side of amphitheatre.

 

II.6 Pompeii. June 2012. Looking towards south-east side of arena of Amphitheatre. 
Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

II.6 Pompeii. June 2012. Looking towards south-east side of arena of amphitheatre.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

II.6 Pompeii. June 2012. Looking towards south side of arena of Amphitheatre. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

II.6 Pompeii. June 2012. Looking towards south side of arena of amphitheatre.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

II.6 Pompeii. December 2006. Arena and seating of Amphitheatre, looking south.

II.6 Pompeii. December 2006. Arena and seating of amphitheatre, looking south.

 

II.6 Pompeii. 1944. Arena and seating of Amphitheatre, looking south. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

II.6 Pompeii. 1944. Arena and seating of amphitheatre, looking south.

Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

II.6 Pompeii. June 2012. Looking towards south-west side of arena of Amphitheatre. Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

II.6 Pompeii. June 2012. Looking towards south-west side of arena of amphitheatre.

Photo courtesy of Michael Binns.

 

II.6 Pompeii. December 2006. Arena wall and seating of Amphitheatre, looking south-west.

II.6 Pompeii. December 2006. Arena wall and seating of amphitheatre, looking south-west.

 

 

Part:       1        2        3         4        5        6        7_