PompeiiinPictures

VI.1.1 Pompeii. Casa del Triclinio or House of the Triclinium.

Caupona and Hospitium. Excavated 1770 and 1787.

Part 1                                                                         Part 2

 

According to Fiorelli,

VI.1.1. “Il primo edifizio che s’incontra a sinistra della via, addossato alle mura della citta, venne da molti creduto abitazione del custode della Porta: ma esso non fu che un diversorium, consistente di un grande triclinio ombreggiato da pergulae, co’suoi tre letti di fabbrica, e le pareti in parte adorne di pitture: nonche di una cella penaria, contenente la nicchia de’Penati, in cui era dipinta l’Abbondanza distesa su di un pulvinare, con cornucopia in una mano e nell’altra il cantaro, avendo dinanzi una tavola, e su di questa una cassetta ed un vaso. Un altro triclinio invernale o coverto faceva anche parte del diversorium, ed aveva inoltre una scaletta per montare ai lastrici o cenacoli, e poco discosto la latrina.”

 

(translation - VI.1.1 – The first building that one meets on the left side of the roadway, leaning against the city wall, was thought by many to have been the dwelling of the custodian of the Herculaneum Gate: but it was none other than an inn or lodging-house, consisting of a large triclinium shaded by a pergola, with its three masonry couches and the walls partly decorated with paintings: and a small room, containing the niche for the worship of the household gods, in which was painted Abbondanza laying on a couch, with cornucopia in one hand and a kantharos in the other, with a table in front, on which was a box and a cup/vase/pot. Another winter, or covered, triclinium was also part of the inn, and in addition had a staircase for going up to the dining room, and the latrine was not far away.

 

See Pappalardo, U., 2001. La Descrizione di Pompei per Giuseppe Fiorelli (1875). Napoli: Massa Editore. (p.47)

See Fiorelli, G: Descrizione, (p.76)

 

Herculaneum Gate, VI.1.1 and VI.1.2.

Herculaneum Gate, VI.1.1 and VI.1.2. Looking north-east.

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii.  March 2009.  Entrance.

VI.1.1 Pompeii. March 2009. Entrance doorway.

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii. July 2011. Entrance. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

VI.1.1 Pompeii. July 2011. Entrance. Photo courtesy of Rick Bauer.

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii. Entrance. Photographed 1970-79 by Günther Einhorn, picture courtesy of his son Ralf Einhorn.
According to Garcia y Garcia, this inn, sheltered by the city walls and with a beautiful well-preserved sacellum, was hit by a bomb during the night of 14th to 15th September 1943. It was nearly completely destroyed, even its perimeter wall. The dividing wall to the peristyle of the House of the Vestals also fell. By September 1982, the entrance steps and its internal walls were reduced to a ruined pile. To the west of this house, the same bomb destroyed also part of the beautiful Samnite steps, that permitted access to the public wall. At the foot of it, in the public area, was a well-known well. See Garcia y Garcia, L., 2006. Danni di guerra a Pompei. Rome: L’Erma di Bretschneider. (p.66)

VI.1.1 Pompeii. Entrance.

Photographed 1970-79 by Günther Einhorn, picture courtesy of his son Ralf Einhorn.

According to Garcia y Garcia, this inn, sheltered by the city walls and with a beautiful well-preserved sacellum, was hit by a bomb during the night of 14th to 15th September 1943. It was nearly completely destroyed, even its perimeter wall.

The dividing wall to the peristyle of the House of the Vestals also fell.

By September 1982, the entrance steps and its internal walls were reduced to a ruined pile.

To the west of this house, the same bomb destroyed also part of the beautiful Samnite steps, that permitted access to the public wall.

At the foot of it, in the public area, was a well-known well.

See Garcia y Garcia, L., 2006. Danni di guerra a Pompei. Rome: L’Erma di Bretschneider. (p.66)

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii. September 2004. Entrance doorway, with steps to the wall.

VI.1.1 Pompeii. September 2004. Entrance doorway, with steps to the wall.

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii. September 2005. Public steps to the walls.

VI.1.1 Pompeii. September 2005. Public steps to the walls.

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii. 1890-1900. Public steps to the walls.
Photo courtesy of British School at Rome Digital Collections.
See http://www.bsrdigitalcollections.it/details.aspx?ID=14254&ST=SS

VI.1.1 Pompeii. 1890-1900. Public steps to the walls.

Photo courtesy of British School at Rome Digital Collections.

See http://www.bsrdigitalcollections.it/details.aspx?ID=14254&ST=SS

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii. March 2009. Looking east towards entrance to inn.

VI.1.1 Pompeii. March 2009. Looking east towards entrance to inn or dwelling.

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii. September 2005. Looking east to entrance doorway to inn.

VI.1.1 Pompeii. September 2005. Looking east to entrance doorway to inn or dwelling.

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii.  March 2009.  Looking east.

VI.1.1 Pompeii. March 2009. Looking east.

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii.  March 2009.  East wall.

VI.1.1 Pompeii. March 2009. Looking east to east wall.

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii.  December 2007.  Looking north towards Triclinium (under blue sheeting) from VI.1.4.

VI.1.1 Pompeii. December 2007.

Looking north-west towards triclinium (under blue sheeting) from VI.1.4.

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii. December 2007.  Looking north towards triclinium (under blue sheeting) from VI.1.4. According to Jashemski, the small inn (excavated in 1787) just inside the Porta Ercolano had a garden with a masonry triclinium shaded by a vine-covered pergola.  The holes in the rear wall, in which the ends of the beams of the pergola were set, were visible at the time of excavation.  A gutter along the south edge of the garden collected rain water which was deposited in the cistern opening in the south-west corner of the garden. See Jashemski, W. F., 1993. The Gardens of Pompeii, Volume II: Appendices. New York: Caratzas. (p.119).  According to Fiorelli, the triclinium had three couches of brick, and the walls were in part adorned by pictures.  See Pappalardo, U., 2001. La Descrizione di Pompei per Giuseppe Fiorelli (1875). Napoli: Massa Editore. (p. 47)

VI.1.1 Pompeii. December 2007.

Looking north-west towards triclinium (under blue sheeting) from VI.1.4.

According to Jashemski, the small inn (excavated in 1787) just inside the Porta Ercolano had a garden with a masonry triclinium shaded by a vine-covered pergola.

The holes in the rear wall, in which the ends of the beams of the pergola were set, were visible at the time of excavation.

A gutter along the south edge of the garden collected rain water which was deposited in the cistern opening in the south-west corner of the garden.

See Jashemski, W. F., 1993. The Gardens of Pompeii, Volume II: Appendices. New York: Caratzas. (p.119)

According to Fiorelli, the triclinium had three couches of brick, and the walls were in part adorned by pictures.

See Pappalardo, U., 2001. La Descrizione di Pompei per Giuseppe Fiorelli (1875). Napoli: Massa Editore. (p. 47)

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii.  December 2007.  Looking north towards Triclinium (under blue sheeting) and niches on north and east wall, from VI.1.4.

VI.1.1 Pompeii. December 2007.

Looking north towards triclinium (under blue sheeting) and niches on north and east wall, from VI.1.4.

 

VI.1.1 Pompeii.  December 2007.  Looking north towards niches on north and east wall, from VI.1.4.

VI.1.1 Pompeii. December 2007.

Looking north towards niches on north and east wall, from VI.1.4.

 

 

Part 2