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IX.5.14 Pompeii. House of the Restaurant or Casa di Lupanare piccolo?

Rooms “a to u” on plan. Linked to IX.5.15 & IX.5.16. Excavated 1878.

Part 1                                                                        Part 2

 

IX.5.14-16 combined room plan (opens in separate window)    For rooms a’ to f’ see IX.5.16.

 

IX.5.15 Pompeii, on left, and IX.5.14, centre right. May 2005. Entrance doorways.
According to Mau, when excavated bronze studs were found that had decorated the door at number 14, together with an iron key. 
See BdI, 1879, (p.207).

IX.5.15 Pompeii, on left, and IX.5.14, centre right. May 2005. Entrance doorways.

According to Mau, when excavated bronze studs were found that had decorated the door at number 14, together with an iron key.

See BdI, 1879, (p.207).

 

IX.5.14 Pompeii. May 2005. Looking west from entrance corridor “a”, across atrium "b". The floor of the atrium was of opus Signinum decorated with rows of small stars, each formed by four white stones and one black. The impluvium was found in ruins, with only a few remains of its white marble covering remaining in the south-east corner.
See BdI, 1879, (p.207).

IX.5.14 Pompeii. May 2005. Looking west from entrance corridor “a”, across atrium “b”.

The floor of the atrium was of opus Signinum decorated with rows of small stars, each formed by four white stones and one black.

The impluvium was found in ruins, with only a few remains of its white marble covering remaining in the south-east corner.

See BdI, 1879, (p.207).

 

IX.5.14 Pompeii. May 2005. Entrance fauces mosaic floor.

IX.5.14 Pompeii. May 2005. Entrance fauces “a”, mosaic floor.

 

IX.5.14 Pompeii. May 2005. Looking north-west across atrium "b". The doorway to the peristyle can be seen on the left. The doorway to a triclinium can be seen on the right (not photographed) According to PPP, this room is “room f”, and found in it were the under-mentioned paintings. According to Richardson, found in triclinium “o” were the following paintings.  All now in Naples Archaeological Museum.
Pyramus and Thisbe,   (Naples Inventory number 111483), 
Pair of men before an enthroned queen (Aeneas before Dido?)   (Naples Inventory number 111480),  Bacchus and  Ariadne with thiasus   (Naples Inventory number 111481). See Richardson, L., 2000. A Catalog of Identifiable Figure Painters of Ancient Pompeii, Herculaneum. Baltimore: John Hopkins. (p.153)  See Bragantini, de Vos, Badoni, 1986. Pitture e Pavimenti di Pompei, Parte 3. Rome: ICCD.

IX.5.14 Pompeii. May 2005. Looking north-west across atrium “b”.

The doorway to the peristyle “k” can be seen on the left.

The doorway to the triclinium “f” can be seen on the right (not entirely photographed yet).

According to PPP and PPM this room is “room f” and found in it were the under-mentioned paintings.

All now in Naples Archaeological Museum.

Pyramus and Thisbe. Naples Inventory number 111483.

Pair of men before an enthroned queen (Aeneas before Dido?). Naples Inventory number 111480.

Bacchus and Ariadne with thiasus. Naples Inventory number 111481.

See Bragantini, de Vos, Badoni, 1986. Pitture e Pavimenti di Pompei, Parte 3. Rome: ICCD, p. 482-3.

See Carratelli, G. P., 1990-2003. Pompei: Pitture e Mosaici.  Roma: Istituto della enciclopedia italiana, Vol IX, pp. 623-634.

According to Richardson and Schefold, the paintings were found in triclinium “o”.

Schefold describes triclinium “o” as triclinium l. v. der N-Ala, which equates to room “f’”.

See Richardson, L., 2000. A Catalog of Identifiable Figure Painters of Ancient Pompeii, Herculaneum. Baltimore: John Hopkins, p. 153.

See Schefold, K., 1957. Die Wände Pompejis. Berlin: De Gruyter, p. 260.

 

IX.5.14 Pompeii. May 2005. Room “f”, north wall of triclinium with painting cut from it.
In the black zoccolo were panels with squares alternating with narrow compartments with painted plants: 
Seen in the side panels of the red middle zone of the wall, were vignettes with painted Muses, (but badly preserved). 
In the centre would have been a painting with a scene of uncertain identification, possibly Dido receiving Aeneas for the first time.

IX.5.14 Pompeii. May 2005. Room “f”, north wall of triclinium with painting cut from it.

In the black zoccolo were panels with squares alternating with narrow compartments with painted plants:

Seen in the side panels of the red middle zone of the wall, were vignettes with painted Muses, (but badly preserved).

In the centre would have been a painting with a scene of uncertain identification, possibly Dido receiving Aeneas for the first time.

 

IX.5.14 Pompeii. Room “f”, centre of north wall of triclinium. Painting of two men before a seated queen.
According to PPM this is of uncertain identification.
More recently it has been suggested that it may be Dido receiving Aeneas for the first time.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 111480.
See Strocka V. M., 2006. Aeneas, not Alexander: Jahrbuch des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, Volume 121, p. 302, abb. 19.
See Carratelli, G. P., 1990-2003. Pompei: Pitture e Mosaici.  Roma: Istituto della enciclopedia italiana, Vol. IX, p. 623.

IX.5.14 Pompeii. Room “f”, centre of north wall of triclinium. Painting of two men before a seated queen.

According to PPM this is of uncertain identification.

More recently it has been suggested that it may be Dido receiving Aeneas for the first time.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 111480.

See Strocka V. M., 2006. Aeneas, not Alexander: Jahrbuch des Deutschen Archäologischen Instituts, Volume 121, p. 302, abb. 19.

See Carratelli, G. P., 1990-2003. Pompei: Pitture e Mosaici.  Roma: Istituto della enciclopedia italiana, Vol. IX, p. 623.

 

A painted flying Apollo and the separate nine Muses were seen and painted by August Sikkard in 1879.

These would have been seen in the side panels of the triclinium.

One of the Muses was already destroyed at the time of excavation.

Today the others are hardly recognisable or completely disappeared.

Apollo was seen playing the cithara, and then there were -

·         Urania with globe

·         Melpomene with tragic mask, lion’s skin and club

·         Terpsicore with the lyre

·         Euterpe with a flute

·         Clio with pen and scroll (in the painted original, the scroll of this Muse was inscribed “Melpomene ex Musis una”

·         Thalia with a comic mask

·         Polyhymnia with no attributes

·         Calliope with a cithara

·         Erato was missing

See Catalogue, 1989. Italienische Reise: Pompejanische Bilder in den deutschen archaeologischen Sammlungen. Napoli: Bibliopolis, p. 335-6, nos. 111-119.

See Mau in BdI, 1879, (p.259)

See Sogliano in Notizie degli Scavi di Antichità, 1878, p. 183.

 

IX.5.14 Pompeii. Room “f”, triclinium. 1879 copy by August Sikkard of painting of the muse Clio with pen and scroll.
In the painted original, the scroll of this Muse was inscribed “Melpomene ex Musis una”.
This led to it being identified by Sogliano as “once again Melopmene”, making it the second of that muse in the same room.
Horst Blanck, in Italienische Reise, identified it as Clio, commenting  the inscription was “a sign that the ancients too had difficulty with the identification of individual muses”. 
See Catalogue, 1989. Italienische Reise: Pompejanische Bilder in den deutschen archaeologischen Sammlungen. Napoli: Bibliopolis, p. 336, p. 347 no. 116.
DAIR 83.270. Photo © Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, Abteilung Rom, Arkiv. 
See http://arachne.uni-koeln.de/item/marbilder/5343170

IX.5.14 Pompeii. Room “f”, triclinium. 1879 copy by August Sikkard of painting of the muse Clio with pen and scroll.

In the painted original, the scroll of this Muse was inscribed “Melpomene ex Musis una”.

This led to it being identified by Sogliano as “once again Melopmene”, making it the second of that muse in the same room.

Horst Blanck, in Italienische Reise, identified it as Clio, commenting that the inscription was “a sign that the ancients too had difficulty with the identification of individual muses”.

See Catalogue, 1989. Italienische Reise: Pompejanische Bilder in den deutschen archaeologischen Sammlungen. Napoli: Bibliopolis, p. 336, p. 347 no. 116.

DAIR 83.270. Photo © Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, Abteilung Rom, Arkiv.

See http://arachne.uni-koeln.de/item/marbilder/5343170

 

IX.5.14 Pompeii. Room “f”, triclinium.
Inscription found on the scroll of Clio “Melpomene ex Musis una”.
According to Sogliano, this was described as faded black lettering. 
See Sogliano, in NdS, 1878, p. 184.
According to Mau, the last two letters were not at all clear.
See Mau in BdI, 1879, p. 261.

IX.5.14 Pompeii. Room “f”, triclinium.

Inscription found on the scroll of Clio “Melpomene ex Musis una”.

According to Sogliano, this was described as faded black lettering.

See Sogliano, in NdS, 1878, p. 184.

According to Mau, the last two letters were not at all clear.

See Mau in BdI, 1879, p. 261.

 

IX.5.14 Pompeii. Room “f”, centre of east wall of triclinium. Painting of Dionysus and Ariadne. Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 111481.

IX.5.14 Pompeii. Room “f”, centre of east wall of triclinium. Painting of Dionysus and Ariadne.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 111481.

 

IX.5.14 Pompeii. Room “f”, centre of south wall of triclinium. Painting of Pyramus and Thisbe.
Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 111483.

IX.5.14 Pompeii. Room “f”, centre of south wall of triclinium. Painting of Pyramus and Thisbe.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum. Inventory number 111483.

 

IX.5.14 Pompeii. Room “f”, centre of south wall of triclinium. Copy by Discanno of painting of Pyramus and Thisbe. DAIR 83.262. Photo © Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, Abteilung Rom, Arkiv. See http://arachne.uni-koeln.de/item/marbilder/5343162

IX.5.14 Pompeii. Room “f”, centre of south wall of triclinium.

Copy by Discanno of painting of Pyramus and Thisbe.

DAIR 83.262. Photo © Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, Abteilung Rom, Arkiv.

See http://arachne.uni-koeln.de/item/marbilder/5343162

 

IX.5.14 Pompeii. May 2005. 
Looking east across mosaic floor of fauces (room “a”), from atrium towards entrance doorway.

IX.5.14 Pompeii. May 2005.

Looking east across mosaic floor of fauces (room “a”), from atrium towards entrance doorway.

 

IX.5.14 Pompeii. May 2005. Looking west across atrium towards the portico “k”. On the right, the remains of the decorated walls in the north-west corner would have had a black zoccolo and middle zone with red panels.

IX.5.14 Pompeii. May 2005. Looking west across atrium towards the portico “k”.

On the right, the remains of the decorated walls in the north-west corner would have had a black zoccolo and middle zone with red panels.

 

IX.5.14 Pompeii. May 2005. Looking west across remains of impluvium. The impluvium was found in ruins, with only a few remains of its white marble covering remaining in the south-east corner (lower left).
See BdI, 1879, (p.207).

IX.5.14 Pompeii. May 2005. Looking west across remains of impluvium in atrium.

The impluvium was found in ruins, with only a few remains of its white marble covering remaining in the south-east corner (lower left).

See BdI, 1879, (p.207).

 

IX.5.14 Pompeii. Old photograph, c.1880.
Looking north-east across atrium, with remains of the impluvium in the floor of cocciopesto dotted with small crosses of white tesserae, with black centre.
Room “e” an ala, with doorway to room “d”, can be seen in the centre, then to its left – the doorway to room “c”, and entrance corridor “a”, on the right.

IX.5.14 Pompeii. Old photograph, c.1880.

Looking north-east across atrium, with remains of the impluvium in the floor of cocciopesto dotted with small crosses of white tesserae, with black centre.

Room “e” an ala, with doorway to room “d”, can be seen in the centre, then to its left – the doorway to room “c”, and entrance corridor “a”, on the right.

 

IX.5.14 Pompeii. 1881. Room “e”, east wall, copy of wall painting of Theseus and Ariadne with the Minotaur. Found on the east wall of the ala “e”, on the north side of the atrium.
See Presuhn E., 1882. Pompeji: Die Neuesten Ausgrabungen  von 1874 bis 1881. Leipzig: Weigel. (VIII, Plate V).

IX.5.14 Pompeii. 1881. Room “e”, east wall, copy of wall painting of Theseus and Ariadne with the Minotaur.

Found on the east wall of the ala “e”, on the north side of the atrium.

See Presuhn E., 1882. Pompeji: Die Neuesten Ausgrabungen  von 1874 bis 1881. Leipzig: Weigel. (VIII, Plate V).

 

IX.5.14 Pompeii. c.1970. Room “e”, centre of west wall of ala. Painting of Iphigenia, Orestes and Pylades.

IX.5.14 Pompeii. c.1970. Room “e”, centre of west wall of ala. Painting of Iphigenia, Orestes and Pylades.

 

IX.5.14 Pompeii. Room “e”, centre of west wall of ala. Copy of painting of Iphigenia, Orestes and Pylades.

IX.5.14 Pompeii. Room “e”, centre of west wall of ala. Copy of painting of Iphigenia, Orestes and Pylades.

 

IX.5.14 Pompeii. May 2005. 
Wall painting of Venus with fishing cupids, found on north wall of cubicula on north side of entrance corridor.
See Sogliano, A., 1879. Le pitture murali campane scoverte negli anni 1867-79. Napoli: (p.36, no.144)
See Bragantini, de Vos, Badoni, 1986. Pitture e Pavimenti di Pompei, Parte 3. Rome: ICCD. (p.481)

IX.5.14 Pompeii. May 2005. Room “c”, a cubiculum.

Wall painting of Venus with fishing cupids, found on north wall of cubiculum “c” on north side of entrance corridor.

See Sogliano, A., 1879. Le pitture murali campane scoverte negli anni 1867-79. Napoli: (p.36, no.144)

See Bragantini, de Vos, Badoni, 1986. Pitture e Pavimenti di Pompei, Parte 3. Rome: ICCD. (p.481)

 

IX.5.14 Pompeii. May 2005. Room “c”, north wall of cubiculum on north side of entrance corridor. Wall painting of Venus with fishing cupids.

IX.5.14 Pompeii. May 2005. Room “c”, north wall of cubiculum on north side of entrance corridor.

Wall painting of Venus with fishing cupids.

 

IX.5.14 Pompeii. 1881. Room “c”, copy of wall painting of Venus with fishing cupids. Found on north wall of cubiculum on north side of entrance corridor.
See Presuhn E., 1882. Pompeji: Die Neuesten Ausgrabungen  von 1874 bis 1881. Leipzig: Weigel. (VIII, Plate VI).

IX.5.14 Pompeii. 1881. Room “c”, copy of wall painting of Venus with fishing cupids.

Found on north wall of cubiculum on north side of entrance corridor.

See Presuhn E., 1882. Pompeji: Die Neuesten Ausgrabungen  von 1874 bis 1881. Leipzig: Weigel. (VIII, Plate VI).

 

IX.5.14 Pompeii. May 2005. Room “c”, south wall of cubiculum.

IX.5.14 Pompeii. May 2005. Room “c”, south wall of cubiculum.

 

IX.5.14 Pompeii. May 2005. Room “c”, south wall of cubiculum on north side of entrance corridor. Fresco of Hero and Leander.

IX.5.14 Pompeii. May 2005. Room “c”, south wall of cubiculum on north side of entrance corridor.

Fresco of Hero and Leander.

 

IX.5.14 Pompeii. 
Room “c”, south wall of cubiculum, late 19th century copy of fresco of Hero and Leander.

IX.5.14 Pompeii.

Room “c”, south wall of cubiculum, late 19th century copy of fresco of Hero and Leander.

 

 

Part 2

 

IX.5.14-16 combined room plan (opens in separate window)