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IX.7.16 Pompeii. House of A. Virnius Modestus or Casa del Cavallo Troiano.

Partly excavated in 1867, 1880.

Part 1                                                                         Part 2

 

IX.7.16, Pompeii. September 2004.     Vicolo di Tesmo looking south.    IX.1

IX.7.16, Pompeii, on left. September 2004.   Vicolo di Tesmo looking south.   IX.1, on right.

 

IX.7.16, Pompeii. December 2007. Entrance.

IX.7.16, Pompeii. December 2007. Entrance.

According to Della Corte, found in this partly excavated house, only excavated as far as the atrium, was a terracotta pitcher (urceo).

Graffito painted on the container of the best fish sauce, sent from Umbricius Agathopus, was addressed to A. Virnio Modesto   [CIL IV 5712]

See Della Corte, M., 1965.  Case ed Abitanti di Pompei. Napoli: Fausto Fiorentino. (p.212) 

 

According to Cooley, the graffito was painted on a fish sauce container which was found in the kitchen.

CIL IV 5712 translates as “Best essence, to Aulus Virnius Modestus from Agathopus”

See Cooley, A. and M.G.L., 2004. Pompeii : A Sourcebook. London : Routledge. (p.166, H27)

 

According to Epigraphik-Datenbank Clauss/Slaby (See www.manfredclauss.de), CIL IV 5712 read as –

 

Liquamen

Optimum

A(ulo) Virnio Modesto

ab Agathopode    [CIL IV 5712]

 

IX.7.16, Pompeii. May 2005. Entrance doorway, looking east.

IX.7.16, Pompeii. May 2005. Entrance doorway, looking east.

 

IX.7.16, Pompeii. December 2007. Looking east along entrance corridor, into the unexcavated/reburied.

IX.7.16, Pompeii. December 2007.

Looking east along entrance corridor, into the unexcavated/reburied.

 

IX.7.16, Pompeii. May 2005.  Looking east along entrance corridor.

IX.7.16, Pompeii. May 2005. Looking east along entrance corridor.

 

IX.7.17 Pompeii, together with IX.7.16. May 2005. Entrances on Vicolo di Tesmo. Looking north.

IX.7.17 Pompeii, together with IX.7.16. May 2005. Entrances on Vicolo di Tesmo. Looking north.

 

IX.7.17 Pompeii, on left, IX.7.16, in centre, together with IX.7.15, on right. Looking south along east side of Vicolo di Tesmo, 1972. 
DAIR 72.3583. Photo © Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, Abteilung Rom, Arkiv. 
See http://arachne.uni-koeln.de/item/marbilderbestand/936490

IX.7.17 Pompeii, on left, IX.7.16, in centre, together with IX.7.15, on right.

Looking south along east side of Vicolo di Tesmo, 1972.

DAIR 72.3583. Photo © Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, Abteilung Rom, Arkiv.

See http://arachne.uni-koeln.de/item/marbilderbestand/936490

 

IX.7.16 Pompeii. May 2010. Looking west from Casina dell’Aquila. Looking towards rear of entrance between two rooms, the triclinium on the left, and the cubiculum on the right.

IX.7.16 Pompeii. May 2010. Looking west from Casina dell’Aquila.

Looking towards rear of entrance between two rooms, the triclinium on the left, and a cubiculum on the right.

The room on the lower left of the photo would be another cubiculum, the doorway was described as the second on the right of the atrium.

 

IX.7.16 Pompeii. May 2010. Cubiculum on north side of entrance. 
Jashemski says that this room, according to Mau, had a garden scene in the centre of the side panels on each wall, other than on the north, which had been painted later. 
Mau did not describe the paintings, and they are no longer visible. 
See Mau, BdI, 1883, (p.126-133)
See Jashemski, W. F., 1993. The Gardens of Pompeii, Volume II: Appendices. New York: Caratzas. (p.401)
According to Dawson, -
•	On the entrance (east) wall, right of doorway was - Perseus & Andromeda, p. 84, pl. IV.
•	On the left (south) wall was - Rape of Hylas, p. 85, pl. III.
•	On the rear (west) wall was - Trojan Horse, p. 85, pl. IV.
•	On the right (north) wall was – a sacred landscape, p. 86.
See Dawson, C. 1944. Romano-Campanian Mythological Landscape Painting. 
See Schefold, K., 1962. Vergessenes Pompeji. Bern: Francke. (Fig.11, 2).
See Catalogue, 1989. Italienische Reise: Pompejanische Bilder in den deutschen archaeologischen Sammlungen. Napoli: Bibliopolis. p. 241-244, fig 81. 
See Peters, W.J.T. (1963): Landscape in Romano-Campanian Mural Paintings. The Netherland, Van Gorcum & Comp. (p. 77-78, figs. 61, 62 & 63)

IX.7.16 Pompeii. May 2010. Cubiculum on north side of entrance.

Jashemski says that this room, according to Mau, had a garden scene in the centre of the side panels on each wall, other than on the north, which had been painted later.

Mau did not describe the paintings, and they are no longer visible.

See Mau, BdI, 1883, (p.126-133)

See Jashemski, W. F., 1993. The Gardens of Pompeii, Volume II: Appendices. New York: Caratzas. (p.401)

According to Dawson, -

  • On the entrance (east) wall, right of doorway was - Perseus & Andromeda, p. 84, pl. IV.
  • On the left (south) wall was - Rape of Hylas, p. 85, pl. III.
  • On the rear (west) wall was - Trojan Horse, p. 85, pl. IV.
  • On the right (north) wall was – a sacred landscape, p. 86.

See Dawson, C. 1944. Romano-Campanian Mythological Landscape Painting.

See Schefold, K., 1962. Vergessenes Pompeji. Bern: Francke. (Fig.11, 2).

See Catalogue, 1989. Italienische Reise: Pompejanische Bilder in den deutschen archaeologischen Sammlungen. Napoli: Bibliopolis. p. 241-244, fig 81.

See Peters, W.J.T. (1963): Landscape in Romano-Campanian Mural Paintings. The Netherland, Van Gorcum & Comp. (p. 77-78, figs. 61, 62 & 63)

 

IX.7.16 Pompeii. Cubiculum on north side of entrance. East wall, right of doorway. 
Copy of painting of Perseus rescuing Andromeda.
DAIR 83.302. Photo © Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, Abteilung Rom, Arkiv.
See http://arachne.uni-koeln.de/item/marbilder/5343200

IX.7.16 Pompeii. Cubiculum on north side of entrance. East wall, right of doorway.

Copy of painting of Perseus rescuing Andromeda.

DAIR 83.302. Photo © Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, Abteilung Rom, Arkiv.

See http://arachne.uni-koeln.de/item/marbilder/5343200

 

 

IX.7.16 Pompeii. Found on the south wall of the cubiculum on north side of entrance. 
Water-colour copy of the painting of Hylas and the nymphs.
DAIR 83.299. Photo © Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, Abteilung Rom, Arkiv.
See http://arachne.uni-koeln.de/item/marbilder/5343197

IX.7.16 Pompeii. Found on the south wall of the cubiculum on north side of entrance.

Water-colour copy of the painting of Hylas and the nymphs.

DAIR 83.299. Photo © Deutsches Archäologisches Institut, Abteilung Rom, Arkiv.

See http://arachne.uni-koeln.de/item/marbilder/5343197

 

IX.7.16 Pompeii. Found on the west wall of the cubiculum on north side of entrance.  Painting of the Trojan Horse. The Trojans dance happily and drag the wooden horse to the walls of Troy. They ignore the warnings of Cassandra who is seen withdrawing, carrying lighted torches. Now in Naples Archaeological Museum.  Inventory number 120176. See Sampaolo V. and Bragantini I., Eds, 2009. La Pittura Pompeiana. Electa: Verona. (Page 345, Scheda 158). See Schefold, K., 1957. Die Wände Pompejis. Berlin: De Gruyter. (page 268).
According to Schefold, found in the same cubiculum was a painting of Hylas and the nymphs, which was found on the south wall. According to Schefold, also found in the same cubiculum was a painting of Perseus freeing Andromeda, which was on the east wall. On the north wall was a sacred landscape. The painting of Hylas and the Nymphs can be seen in - See Schefold, K., 1962. Vergessenes Pompeji. Bern: Francke. (Fig.11, 2) and See Catalogue, 1989. Italienische Reise: Pompejanische Bilder in den deutschen archaeologischen Sammlungen. Napoli: Bibliopolis. p. 241-244, fig 81.  (Fig 82 shows The Trojan Horse.)
See Peters, W.J.T. (1963): Landscape in Romano-Campanian Mural Paintings.The Netherland, Van Gorcum & Comp. (p.77-78)

IX.7.16 Pompeii. Found on the west wall of the cubiculum on north side of entrance.

Painting of the Trojan Horse. The Trojans dance happily and drag the wooden horse to the walls of Troy.

They ignore the warnings of Cassandra who is seen withdrawing, carrying lighted torches.

Now in Naples Archaeological Museum.  Inventory number 120176.

See Sampaolo V. and Bragantini I., Eds, 2009. La Pittura Pompeiana. Electa: Verona. (Page 345, Scheda 158).

See Schefold, K., 1957. Die Wände Pompejis. Berlin: De Gruyter. (page 268).

 

IX.7.16 Pompeii. Found on the west wall of the cubiculum on north side of entrance. Detail of painting of the Trojan Horse. Detail of the horse left outside the city by the Greeks.

IX.7.16 Pompeii. Found on the west wall of the cubiculum on north side of entrance.

Detail of painting of the Trojan Horse. Detail of the horse left outside the city by the Greeks.

 

IX.7.16 Pompeii. Found on the west wall of the cubiculum on north side of entrance. 
Detail of painting of the Trojan Horse. Detail of the city of Troy.

IX.7.16 Pompeii. Found on the west wall of the cubiculum on north side of entrance.

Detail of painting of the Trojan Horse. Detail of the city of Troy.

 

IX.7.16 Pompeii. Found on the west wall of the cubiculum on north side of entrance. 
Detail of painting of the Trojan Horse. The Trojans dance happily.

IX.7.16 Pompeii. Found on the west wall of the cubiculum on north side of entrance.

Detail of painting of the Trojan Horse. The Trojans dance happily.

 

IX.7.16 Pompeii. Found on west wall of cubiculum on north side of entrance. Detail of painting of the Trojan Horse. The Trojans ignore the warnings of Cassandra who is seen withdrawing, carrying lighted torches.

IX.7.16 Pompeii. Found on west wall of cubiculum on north side of entrance.

Detail of painting of the Trojan horse.

The Trojans ignore the warnings of Cassandra who is seen withdrawing, carrying lighted torches.

 

IX.7.16 Pompeii. Found on west wall of cubiculum on north side of entrance. Detail of painting of the Trojan Horse.  The Trojans drag the wooden horse to the walls of Troy.

IX.7.16 Pompeii. Found on west wall of cubiculum on north side of entrance.

Detail of painting of the Trojan horse. The Trojans drag the wooden horse to the walls of Troy.

 

 

Part 2