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IX.13.3 Pompeii. Domus of C. Giulio Polibio or House of C. Julius Polybius.

Linked to IX.13.1 and IX.13.2. Excavated 1912, 1964 and 1966.

 

Part:    1    2    3    4    5    6    7    8    9   10  11  12  13  14  15  16  17  18  19  20  21  22  23  Plan (Opens in separate window)

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. May 2010.  Room 9, looking north west towards rooms 13 and 12.

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. May 2010.  Room 9, looking north west towards rooms 13 and 12.

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. September 2004. Room 9, looking north along east portico.

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. September 2004. Room 9, looking north along east portico.

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. September 2004. Room 9, looking west along south portico.

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. September 2004. Room 9, looking west along south portico.

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. 1972. During excavations. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J72f0435

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. 1972. During excavations. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J72f0435

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. 1972. During excavations. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J72f0459

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. 1972. During excavations. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J72f0459

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. 1972. During excavations. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J72f0460

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. 1972. During excavations. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J72f0460

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. 1972. During excavations. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J72f0461

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. 1972. During excavations. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J72f0461

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. 1972. During excavations. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J72f0462

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. 1972. During excavations. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J72f0462

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. 1972. During excavations. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J72f0463

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. 1972. During excavations. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J72f0463

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. 1972. Nap during work. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J72f0453

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. 1972. Nap during work. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J72f0453

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. 1972. Drink during excavations. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J72f0464

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. 1972. Drink during excavations. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J72f0464

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. May 2010.  Room 9, east wall of portico and plaster casts of cupboards.

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. May 2010.  Room 9, east wall of portico and plaster casts of cupboards.

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. May 2010. Room 9, looking north along east portico.

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. May 2010. Room 9, looking north along east portico.

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. March 2009. Room 9, east wall.

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. March 2009. Room 9, east wall.

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. 1973. Bronze seal of C. IULI PHILIPPI (Caius Iulius Philippus) found in chest in Room 9, east portico.

According to Varone, on the 8th February 1973 (7 January according to Giordano), along the eastern ambulatory of the house, wooden cabinets were discovered in one of which, between various precious objects, was found a bronze seal inscribed with C (ai) IVLI PHILIPPI.  The bronze seal is a symbolically individual tool. It was used to mark, as a signature, for example, the veracity of the contents of a message. After engraving with the stylus, the wax tablets were folded one against the other to form a diptych, they were bound by a ribbon closed by sealing wax on which was stamped the seal of person who thus signed for the content. It will be understood, then, like the seal of a modern notary it constituted a personal element to be jealously guarded. It was in fact worn on his finger or kept in a safe. We cannot doubt, then, that Iulius Philippus lived in this house.

Graffiti in the house shows that Philippus and Polybius had a close relationship, which may have been father and son, but it is not clear who is which. However, I think, without wanting to go into a whole series of evaluations, but I think, though it would still be questionable, that it was most likely Philippus was the father of Polybius.

See Varone A., 2015. Indagine su un cittadino al di sopra di ogni sospetto: Giulio Polibio, in Caio Giulio Polibio, 2015. Napoli: IDSN, p. 97-8, p.104.

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. 1973. Bronze seal of C. IULI PHILIPPI (Caius Iulius Philippus) found in chest in Room 9, east portico.

 

According to Varone, on the 8th February 1973 (7 January according to Giordano), along the eastern ambulatory of the house, wooden cabinets were discovered in one of which, between various precious objects, was found a bronze seal inscribed with C (ai) IVLI PHILIPPI.  The bronze seal is a symbolically individual tool. It was used to mark, as a signature, for example, the veracity of the contents of a message. After engraving with the stylus, the wax tablets were folded one against the other to form a diptych, they were bound by a ribbon closed by sealing wax on which was stamped the seal of person who thus signed for the content. It will be understood, then, like the seal of a modern notary it constituted a personal element to be jealously guarded. It was in fact worn on his finger or kept in a safe. We cannot doubt, then, that Iulius Philippus lived in this house.

 

Graffiti in the house shows that Philippus and Polybius had a close relationship, which may have been father and son, but it is not clear who is which. However, I think, without wanting to go into a whole series of evaluations, but I think, though it would still be questionable, that it was most likely Philippus was the father of Polybius.

 

See Varone A., 2015. Indagine su un cittadino al di sopra di ogni sospetto: Giulio Polibio, in Caio Giulio Polibio, 2015. Napoli: IDSN, p. 97-8, p.104.

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. March 2009. Room 9, south east corner, paintings.

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. March 2009. Room 9, south east corner, paintings.

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. 1972. Room 9, detail of painting on east wall. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J72f0447

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. 1972. Room 9, detail of painting on east wall. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J72f0447

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. May 2010.  Room 9, south east corner, paintings.

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. May 2010.  Room 9, south east corner, paintings.

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. March 2009. Room 9, east wall. Painting.

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. March 2009. Room 9, east wall, painting.

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. May 2010.  Room 9, east wall, paintings

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. May 2010.  Room 9, east wall, paintings

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. March 2009. Room 9, east wall. Painting.

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. March 2009. Room 9, east wall, painting.

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. 1972. Room 9, detail of painting on east wall. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J72f0449

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. 1972. Room 9, detail of painting on east wall. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J72f0449

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. March 2009. Room 9, east wall. Painting of bird and bowl.

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. March 2009. Room 9, east wall. Painting of bird and bowl.

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. May 2010.  Room 9, east wall, painting.

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. May 2010.  Room 9, east wall, painting.

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. 1972. Room 9, detail of painting on east wall. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski. 
Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details. J72f0451

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. 1972. Room 9, detail of painting on east wall. Photo by Stanley A. Jashemski.

Source: The Wilhelmina and Stanley A. Jashemski archive in the University of Maryland Library, Special Collections (See collection page) and made available under the Creative Commons Attribution-Non-Commercial License v.4. See Licence and use details.

J72f0451

                

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. March 2009. Room 9, east wall, painting.

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. March 2009. Room 9, east wall, painting.

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. March 2009. Room 9, east wall. Painting of masks or faces.

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. March 2009. Room 9, east wall. Painting of masks or faces.

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. March 2009. Room 9, east wall. Painting of deer.

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. March 2009. Room 9, east wall. Painting of deer.

 

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. March 2009. Room 9, north end of east wall. Painting of masks or heads.

IX.13.1-3 Pompeii. March 2009. Room 9, north end of east wall. Painting of masks or heads.

 

 

Part:    1    2    3    4    5    6    7    8    9   10  11  12  13  14  15  16  17  18  19  20  21  22  23  Plan (Opens in separate window)